How to Install VirtualBox on Ubuntu

June 2, 2019

Introduction

VirtualBox is a powerful free tool by Oracle for running a virtual operating system on your computer. In this tutorial learn how to install VirtualBox on Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions.

How to install VirtualBox on Ubuntu.

Prerequisites

  • A user account with sudo privileges
  • A terminal window (Ctrl+Alt+T)

Option 1: Install VirtualBox from Ubuntu Repositories

The easiest way to install VirtualBox is by using the official Ubuntu repositories.

1. Open a terminal, and enter the following to update the repository:

sudo apt-get update

2. Download and install VirtualBox by running:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox
Install VirtualBox on Ubuntu from Ubuntu repository.

3. Next, install the VirtualBox Extension Pack:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox—ext–pack

Read the VirtualBox Extension Pack Personal Use and Evaluation License and select <Ok> to confirm you understand.

VirtualBox extension pack license.

Accept the terms of the VirtualBox PUEL license by selecting <Yes> and hitting Enter.

Configuring VirtualBox Extension Pack.

Finally, the output displays you have successfully installed "Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack".

Output displaying you have successfully installed VirtualBox Extension Pack.

The Extension Pack enhances VirtualBox by adding USB 2.0 and 3.0 support, remote desktop, and encryption.

Option 2: Installing VirtualBox from Oracle’s Repositories

Often the default repositories do not have the latest versions of the software. They may work for test environments, but some users need the latest security or functionality patches. This process is more in-depth but installs the most recent version of VirtualBox on Ubuntu.

Install Supporting software

The software-properties-common package is required to run Virtualbox on Ubuntu. It allows you to add new software repositories.

Enter the following into a terminal window:

sudo apt-get install software–properties–common

Install GPG keys

GPG keys allow you to verify and communicate with the VirtualBox repository.

To download and install GPG keys, use the commands:

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add –
Install GPG keys for VirtualBox.

Add VirtualBox Repository to Ubuntu

To add the VirtualBox repository, enter the command :

echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -cs) contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list

Install Latest Version of VirtualBox

1. Start by updating the package lists:

sudo apt-get update
Updating Ubuntu after adding the VirtualBox repository.

2. To Install VirtualBox 6.1 on Ubuntu, use the command:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox–6.1

At the time of writing this article, the latest VirtualBox version is 6.1.26. It was designed for 64-bit operating systems. If you’re running a 32-bit OS, you can use VirtualBox 5.2 instead.

To install VirtualBox 5.2, enter the following:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox–5.2

Install VirtualBox Extension Pack

The VirtualBox Extension Pack enhances the functionality of your virtual machines. It adds additional tools like USB 2.0 and 3.0, Remote Desktop, and encryption.

1. Enter the following:

wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.26/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.26.vbox-extpack
Download VirtualBox extension pack on Ubuntu.

2. Import the Extension Pack:

sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.26.vbox-extpack

Confirm the installation, then allow the process to complete.

Install VirtualBox extension pack on Ubuntu from Oracle repository.

Note: The Extension Pack corresponds to the version of VirtualBox. If you’re working with VirtualBox 5.2, please see the Version 5.2 downloads page for the Extension Pack.

Using VirtualBox

1. Launch the VirtualBox interface by entering the following:

virtualbox
Starting VirtualBox on Ubuntu.

2. After VirtualBox launches, a graphic interface will load. Use the Add or New button to create a new virtual machine. A dialog will open. Select the operating system and version you’d like to create, then click Next.

3. The dialog will offer you several options for the virtual machine. This is where you allocate memory, hard drive, and other resources to the virtual machine. Use default options if you are unsure about customizing this,

4. Once you finish, a new virtual machine is available in the left column. Select it, and click the green arrow Start button. A new window will open and boot up the virtual machine.

Note: If you need to run a virtual machine from a command line, you can install Vagrant to manage virtual machines from the terminal.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we covered two methods of installing VirtualBox on Ubuntu. You should now have a working VirtualBox application on your system. For additional information on VirtualBox, visit the VirtualBox Wiki.

And for more tutorials on VirtualBox, be sure to read our guides on How To Install Kali Linux On VirtualBox and How To Install VirtualBox On CentOS 7.

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Dejan Tucakov
Dejan is the Head of Content at phoenixNAP with over 7 years of experience in Web publishing and technical writing. Prior to joining PNAP, he was Chief Editor of several websites striving to advocate for emerging technologies. He is dedicated to simplifying complex notions and providing meaningful insight into data center and cloud technology.
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