A repository, or repo, is computer storage for maintaining data or software packages. This location contains files, databases, or information organized for quick access over a network or directly. A repo allows consolidating data with a version control system to store metadata for every file and log changes.
Software repositories enable users to locate and obtain specific data, code, or software packages in a secure environment using access control and authentication systems. Some of the most famous hosted software repositories are GitHub, BitBucket, and SourceForge.