Docker speeds up and streamlines application deployment by introducing containers based on preconfigured images. Containers are convenient for applications such as web servers, which need to preserve their configurations across different web browsers, target OS environments, and CPU architectures.
This article shows two methods to deploy an Apache web server using Docker.
Run Apache Docker via Docker Hub Image
The simplest way to install an Apache web server in Docker is to run a container using a preconfigured Docker Hub image. While this procedure does not let you customize the image for your deployment, it provides an excellent way to test a web server.
Follow the steps below to deploy an Apache container based on the Docker Hub image.
Download the Apache Image for Docker
The official Apache image on Docker Hub is
httpd. Download the image to your system with the
docker pull command:
docker pull httpd
The command output shows the pull progress and reports when the download finishes.
Start the Apache Container
docker run command below to create and start a Docker container based on the
docker run -d --name [container-name] -p 80:[host-port] httpd
The command contains multiple options.
-doption tells Docker to run the container in the detached mode, i.e., as a background process.
--nameflag lets you name the container. If you exclude this flag, Docker generates a random phrase for a name.
-poption allows you to map the TCP port
80of the container to a free open port on the host system.
The following example uses the
httpd image to create and run a container named
apache and publish it to port
80 on the host system.
docker run -d --name apache -p 80:80 httpd
If there are no errors, Docker outputs the ID of the new container.
Check if Apache is Running
Test the new Apache installation by opening a web browser and typing the server's IP address:
Alternatively, connect with the Apache installation on the same machine by typing
localhost and the host port you assigned to the container.
Apache displays the default page, confirming the successful deployment.
Note: Stop a running docker container by typing:
docker stop [container-name-or-id]
For more Docker management commands, refer to our Docker Commands Cheat Sheet.
Run Apache via Dockerfile
Another way to deploy an Apache instance in Docker is to use a customized image created with Dockerfile. Follow the steps below to create the image and run a container based on it.
Create a Directory for Apache Image
Start by placing all the content relevant to the image into a dedicated directory.
1. Create and go to the
mkdir apache && cd apache
2. In the directory, create or copy the files you want to include in the image.
For example, include a new landing page by creating an
index.html file in a text editor:
Write some HTML in the file.
<h1>Test</h1> <p>This is a test page for the Apache deployment in Docker</p>
Save and exit the file.
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Next, create the Dockerfile for the new image. Dockerfile contains all the necessary instructions for Docker to assemble a specific image.
1. Use a text editor to create the file.
2. Write the image configuration.
FROM httpd:latest COPY index.html /usr/local/apache2/htdocs EXPOSE 80
The example above uses the latest
httpd image as a template and modifies it by copying index.html from the local directory to the
/usr/local/apache2/htdocs directory in the image. Furthermore, container port
80 is exposed to make it available for mapping to a host port.
Save the file and exit.
docker build to create a Dockerfile-based image.
docker build -t [image-name] .
The output shows Docker applying the steps from the Dockerfile.
Run Apache Dockerfile as a Container
Run an Apache container with the image you made:
docker run -d --name [container-name] -p 80:[host-port] [image-name]
The example below creates a detached container named
apache using the
apache:v1 image created with Dockerfile. The container port
80 is mapped to host port
docker run -d --name apache -p 80:80 apache:v1
Verify if Apache is Running
Test the new Apache installation by navigating to the server's IP address in a web browser:
Apache serves the test page included in the custom image, confirming the successful deployment.
Note: If the browser displays any other page besides the one above, clear the cache and reload the page.
The tutorial covered the two ways to deploy an Apache web server using Docker. The first method included using the official image, while the second covered the steps necessary to create your custom Apache image.
Learn more about Apache and other LAMP components by reading What Is LAMP Stack?