How to Check MySQL Database and Table Size

Introduction

MySQL provides valuable metadata about databases and tables. For example, if a database's system memory runs out, checking the database or table size helps identify where the storage is particularly overwhelmed.

This article provides three methods to check the size for all MySQL databases, a single database, or a table within a database.

How to Check the Size of a MySQL Database and Table

Prerequisites

Note: For storage-heavy workloads and overwhelmed databases, we recommend you deploy a memory-optimized Bare Metal Cloud server. The server instance comes with up to 768GB of RAM and scalable processors to ensure stability during peak times.

How to Check MySQL Database and Table Size

There are three ways to check MySQL database and table sizes:

1. Using phpMyAdmin.

2. Using the SELECT statement.

3. Using MySQL workbench.

All methods provide ways to check the size for:

  • A single database.
  • All databases.
  • Table size for a single database.
  • Table size for all databases.

Choose a method that best fits your configuration and follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Method 1: Using phpMyAdmin

Use the phpMyAdmin web interface to access information about MySQL databases and tables, including their sizes. Start by logging into your phpMyAdmin administration page.

Get the Size for a Single Database

Follow these steps to check the size for a single database using phpMyAdmin:

1. Select the database name on the left pane.

2. Locate the Size column. The individual table sizes display in the output.

Database size in phpMyAdmin

Scroll to the bottom to see the total size for the selected database, which is the total sum.

Get the Size for all Databases

To find the size of all databases in phpMyAdmin:

1. On the index page, locate and select the Databases tab in the top navbar.

Databases tab in phpMyAdmin

2. Below the table, select Enable statistics.

Enable statistics in phpMyAdmin

Enabling statistics can cause high traffic between MySQL and web servers. Use this method when there's low traffic to minimize server overload.

3. The Database statistics page displays general statistics about all the databases, including the size. The column Total sums the Data and Indexes columns.

Database statistics total size phpMyAdmin

The last row shows the sizes summed up.

Get Table Size for a Single Database

To check the size for a single database table:

1. Click a database name in the left pane to select a database.

Databases list left pane phpMyAdmin

2. Use the search bar to filter tables by name.

Search bar phpMyAdmin

Alternatively, locate the table manually in the list below the search bar.

3. Find the Size column and check the table size.

Table size phpMyAdmin

If not immediately visible, scroll the table to the right until the column is visible.

Get Table Size for All Databases

Check all database table sizes in phpMyAdmin using the SELECT query.

1. On the index page, select the SQL tab.

SQL tab in phpMyAdmin

2. Enter the following query to display the table size for all databases:

SELECT TABLE_SCHEMA AS `Database`,
TABLE_NAME AS `Table`,
ROUND((DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) / 1024 / 1024) AS `Size (MB)`
FROM information_schema.TABLES
ORDER BY (DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) DESC;
All table sizes query in phpMyAdmin

Divide twice by 1024 to get the size in MB and once in KB. Press Go to run the query and fetch the result.

3. The output shows the table sizes for all databases in the last column.

Output of all table size query in phpMyAdmin

4. Drag and drop the columns to manage the order, or click on the column name to sort the output.

Method 2: Using the SELECT MySQL Command-Line Statement

The database and tables sizes are available through the MySQL command-line interface.

1. Open the terminal (CTRL+ALT+T) and start the MySQL monitor with:

mysql -u <username> -p

2. Type the password when prompted and press Enter. The terminal shows the mysql> prompt.

Note: If you're getting an access denied error, follow our troubleshooting guide: Access denied for user [email protected].

Below are several example queries using the SELECT statement. All the outputs show the size in MB with two decimal places.

Get the Size for a Single Database

Use the SELECT statement to get the size of a single database:

SELECT TABLE_SCHEMA AS `Database`, 
ROUND(SUM(DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) / 1024 / 1024, 2) AS `Size (MB)` 
FROM information_schema.TABLES
WHERE TABLE_SCHEMA="<database name>";
MySQL select database size query output

Change the <database name> to the database you'd like to check.

Note: Use SHOW DATABASES; to list all the databases and find the exact name. For other useful MySQL commands, grab our free MySQL cheat sheet.

Get the Size for all Databases

View the size of all databases with the following query:

SELECT TABLE_SCHEMA AS `Database`, 
ROUND(SUM(DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) / 1024 / 1024, 2) AS `Size (MB)` 
FROM information_schema.TABLES
GROUP BY TABLE_SCHEMA 
ORDER BY SUM(DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) DESC;
MySQL select all database sizes query output

The output shows database sizes sorted in descending order in MB.

Get Table Size for a Single Database

List table sizes for a single database by using:

SELECT TABLE_NAME AS `Table`,
ROUND(((DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) / 1024 / 1024), 2) AS `Size (MB)` 
FROM information_schema.TABLES 
WHERE table_schema = "<database name>" 
ORDER BY (data_length + index_length) DESC;
MySQL select single database table sizes query output

Exchange <database name> for the actual database name. The output sorts the tables by size in descending order in MB.

Get Table Size for All Databases

Show table sizes for all databases with:

SELECT TABLE_SCHEMA AS `Database`,
TABLE_NAME AS `Table`,
ROUND((DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) / 1024 / 1024) AS `Size (MB)`
FROM information_schema.TABLES
ORDER BY (DATA_LENGTH + INDEX_LENGTH) DESC;
MySQL select all tables databases size query output

The query sorts the output by database size. Change the last line to sort by a different parameter.

Method 3: Using MySQL Workbench

The SELECT query methods work equally well for MySQL Workbench. However, the program provides two additional ways to quickly check the size of a single database and the tables inside a database.

Start by opening MySQL Workbench and establish a connection.

Get the Size for a Single Database

1. To get the size of a single database in MySQL Workbench, right-click on the schema you want to check in the left navigation pane.

MySQL Workbench Schema Inspector

2. Select Schema Inspector from the list. On the right pane, under the Index tab, check the database size.

MySQL Workbench database size

The size is a rough estimate displayed in binary bytes.

Get Table Size for a Single Database

To get the size of a table of a specific database:

1. Open the Schema Inspector for the database where the table(s) reside.

2. Navigate to the Tables tab.

MySQL Workbench single database table size

3. Check the size of a specific table in the Data Length column or add them together to get the total amount. Alternatively, use the SELECT statement in a query.

Table Size Limits

MyISAM tables have a default limit set to 256TB for data and index files, which you can change to 65,536TB maximum.

InnoDB maximum size for tables is 256TB, which corresponds to the full tablespace size. Generally, the best practice is to divide an InnoDB table into multiple tablespaces.

Note: Check out our detailed comparison: MyISAM vs. InnoDB

Depending on the specifications, some operating systems limit the file size. Although MySQL has some table size limits, a full table error is most likely due to the operating system. Alternatively, the storage where the database resides is possibly at full capacity.

Conclusion

You should now know several methods to get database and table sizes after following this tutorial. Next, read how to optimize MySQL tables and other get other MySQL Performance Tuning and Optimization Tips.

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Milica Dancuk
Milica Dancuk is an aspiring technical writer at phoenixNAP and a data nerd. Her background in Electrical Engineering and Computing and her teaching experience give her a unique set of skills - being able to easily explain complex technical concepts through her content.
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