Hybrid cloud is a combination of on-prem and third-party cloud resources ensuring a high level of flexibility and cost-efficiency. Organizations are massively exploring and leveraging modern hybrid cloud envirnoments, moving from a single on-prem or cloud solution to the best of both worlds.
According to the 2020 Cloud Computing Study by IDG, more than half of today’s organizations are using multi-cloud environments, with 21% saying they use three or more. Despite the increased popularity of hybrid cloud strategies, deploying and managing multiple clouds brings different challenges.
Despite the advancements in cloud security and orchestration technologies mature, many of the key challenges related to hybrid cloud adoption remain an inhibitor to maximizing its potential. These include:
- Compliance and governance issues.
- Data migration complexity.
- Compatibility issues.
- Poor visibility and overview.
- Over and under-provisioning.
- Lack of control.
- Skills gap.
- Poorly defined SLAs.
Additionally, building a hybrid cloud environment involves managing multiple software or hardware licenses, as well as tackling inconsistency across different platforms. This often requires applications to be rebuilt from scratch, increasing developer workloads.
How to Securely Connect Applications to Multiple Environments
Modern hybrid cloud solutions overcome the above-mentioned challenges and provide application management without locking it into a single infrastructure or a platform, making workloads portable. One of such applications is Google Anthos, a comprehensive suite enabling safe, flexible, and portable application development and deployment in multi-cloud and hybrid cloud environments.
What is Google Anthos?
Anthos is an application platform that bridges Google Cloud services and user environments, bringing automation into hybrid cloud. It is a suite of solutions that can be deployed on-prem (on top of VMware or bare metal), at the edge (bare metal), or across multiple different clouds.
Benefits Anthos Brings to the Hybrid Cloud
- Deployment in any cloud environment.
- Developer velocity acceleration.
- Consistency across environments.
- Secure, cloud-native environment.
- Increased observability and SLO.
- DevOps across the organization.
- Increased workload mobility.
- Multi-cloud readiness.
- Portability and flexibility.
Anthos Under the Hood
Google Kubernetes Engine
At the core of Anthos, lies the GKE (Google Kubernetes Engine). While Kubernetes has become the standard for container management, setting it up and maintaining it remains a challenge, especially for Day 2 operations.
Learn all about Kubernetes in our Complete Guide to Kubernetes.
GKE reaches its full potential through automation and simplification of the cluster creation process. Without any intimate Kubernetes knowledge, once the code is placed in a container, a GKE cluster can be created by using a console, Google Cloud command line, or API.
Anthos also enables attaching non-Google Kubernetes clusters to it. This way, it provides a single pane of glass overview of all user clusters.
Also, GKE provides logging, monitoring, AI-driven auto-scaling, auto-repair, and auto-upgrade, keeping clusters healthy and highly responsive, even in cases of massive resource spikes.
Anthos Config Management – ACM
Clusters need to have previously established policies and security guard roles. This is manageable on a single cluster level controlled by a single team. However, there are usually multiple teams in an organization, each one using clusters that are either on-prem or on various cloud solutions. Managing all these clusters is challenging and time-consuming.
ACM is an automation suite providing policy and configuration upon the entire multi-cloud infrastructure. It enables setting policies for specific clusters across Kubernetes deployments, ensuring the desired state of clusters is constantly maintained at scale. It also prevents other teams or individuals from making modifications harmful to the clusters.
Anthos Service Mesh – ASM
A service mesh ensures fast and secure service-to-service communication in a microservice architecture. Anthos has its own service mesh that automates operations inside a network and provides an overview of:
- Logging, metrics, and SLO monitoring
- Service identity, authentication, and encryption
- Traffic management: routing and load balancing
- AI-driven curated insights, recommendations, and operating analytics
ASM establishes a clear network overview, with zero-trust, policy-driven security. It does the heavy lifting instead of developers, who would generally need to code this information into the application itself.
Managing Hybrid Cloud Networks
Managing multi-cloud networks is another important challenge in hybrid cloud deployments. Using GKE, a direct connection between on-prem workloads and the multi-cloud environment can be created in a simple way. This was explained at our recent webinar with Megaport, Google, and Qwinix, where David McDaniel from Qwinix demoed how Google Anthos works on Bare Metal Cloud.
The demo showcased how a website is loaded from either BMC or GKE, based on load balancing or preset routing rules, to illustrate the utilization of a hybrid cloud platform that is safe, fast, and reliable.
The previously described ASM is functional both on-prem and on the cloud, making sure security and policy requirements are met.
When it comes to network management, Megaport Cloud Router (MCR) is a solution that allows for easy and automated orchestration of different networks. As discussed in the webinar, MCR lets organizations leverage the already existing Megaport infrastructure to securely connect their on-prem environment to multiple cloud providers. With already functional APIs available for various cloud providers, setup and management are possible across the entire network and different deployments.
How Anthos Works on Bare Metal Cloud
Built for enabling automation-driven IT, phoenixNAP’s Bare Metal Cloud servers are a fast deployable, cost-efficient infrastructure ideal for hybrid cloud environments. Providing physical servers with cloud-like deployment options, Bare Metal Cloud makes dedicated resources available in minutes. It can be used to complement organizations’ existing infrastructure for workloads that require higher performance potential.
Running both on BMC and in GKE, Anthos provides an overview of all the workloads in a comprehensive, unified presentation of connections and their statuses. As such, it provides a single-pane-of-glass for managing multi-cloud networks.
Once an application is deployed on-prem and in GKE, the Google Cloud Load Balancer chooses whether the app is loaded from the cloud or BMC.
This routing can be focused either on failover or performance and latency prioritization, where a certain app deployed through Bare Metal Cloud could be used on-prem for internal users. At the same time, the GCP variant would be a faster and more reliable option for external users.