What Is the Principle of Least Privilege?

The Principle of Least Privilege (PoLP) is a security concept that advocates for granting the minimum access levels needed to complete a task. It is applicable to users, programs, or processes, and it minimizes potential damage from errors, malicious actions, or malware by reducing the attack surface. Individuals or systems should have the least amount of privilege necessary to carry out their responsibilities, preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information.